Students: Speaking about our works drawn up during this Town Planning Design Workshop, Alleva just stated that it is very dif cult to realize and manage all the different parameters of this kind of projects. When it comes to nature and to its in nity possibilities is very hard to predict if something will work or not. Paradoxically to do this a strong anthropocentrism is needed and, suddenly, to bring back biodiversity and nature in our cities a strong effort of technology is needed as well. By this I would really like to know your opinion, as a philosopher, about this paradox. In particular I would like to know, if is real that the third landscape theorized by Gilles Clement it is impossible to achieve nowadays, which possibilities do we have as human beings? We have to give up with this idea of a wild and pure nature, confirming the entropy process in which we all live? Or, on the contrary, we should assume a proactive behavior about this issue and try to invest our energies to create a forth type of landscape? Which is nothing else than the possibility to create the third one by using the tool of technology.
Maurizio Ferraris: Well. The use of technology is one of the natural attribution of a man. We could say that a man is nothing else than the specific kind of animal which uses technology. Human beings always used this tools to erase their obstacles and improve their capacities. Moreover I have to say that the wild nature you were speaking about and that we all dream doesn’t exist anymore. And this is a big paradox. Because every attempt to reach and “built” this wild nature, brings you more and more distant by it. But nowadays is the only solution. The more you enter the eld of nature, the more you enter in the eld of technology.